Essentially, oral and maxillofacial surgery involves surgery on the mouth, jaws and face and includes are wide range of different procedures that are affiliated with this region. Oral and maxillofacial surgeons are highly skilled professionals with degrees in both Medicine and Dentistry due to the number of different cases that require having that overlap of knowledge in order to deliver the right care.
Types of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery:
Surgery relating to wisdom teeth or other impacted teeth
Involves replacing missing teeth using titanium screws which are implanted into the jawbone. Can also include full mouth rehabilitation with implants due to a lack of bone to support implants. If this is the case, additional bone graft procedure may be performed too.
Corrective Jaw Surgery (Orthognathic Surgery)
Performed with an orthodontist to align the jaws and improve facial proportions and bite.
Oral Cancers and Tumours
These are both diagnosed and treated with oral and maxillofacial surgeons and can include resecting tumours from the oral cavity and using tissue from elsewhere in the body to reconstruct tissue in the mouth.
Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction
The temporomandibular joint is the hinge that connects your jaw to your skull and lets you move your jaw up and down so you can talk, eat and yawn. When there are problems with it, surgery can treat it in certain cases and it could involve a reconstruction of the joint.
Facial fracture and Congenital Deformity
Any fracture to the face or facial deformities, like a cleft palate, will be performed by a specialist in oral and maxillofacial surgery.