Orthognathic surgery pros and cons

Orthognathic Surgery Risks

Orthognathic surgery, similar to other surgical procedures, carries the risk of complications. There are serious but rare complications, even though all surgery is performed with an exceptional standard of surgical practice. The majority of patients who have orthognathic surgery will do so without any complications, however, clearly understanding the benefits and risks is essential for you to make decisions regarding your treatment.

  • Anaesthetic reaction

A reaction to general anaesthetic is varied across everyone. Sore muscles, an aching throat and trouble swallowing may occur and last for 1 day after surgery. Vomiting is also a potential reaction to a general anaesthetic. Medication is used to treat this, and it generally subsides after 1 – 2 days.

  • Infection

Surgeries are invasive to the body and therefore carry a risk of infection. Commonly,  to prevent infections, antibiotics are prescribed before surgery being performed. Infection symptoms occur 10 – 14 days after the procedure and generally present as pain, discharge or swelling.

It is essential to call your surgeon as soon as possible if you experience bleeding or any signs of infection.

  • Scarring

It is uncommon for noticeable scarring inside the most. Generally, all surgical  incisions have a good healing process.

  • Managing Pain

The level of complexity of your surgery will most likely align with the amount of pain and discomfort experienced. Initial pain and discomfort generally do not last beyond the first few days. Painkillers are prescribed; however, the need for them usually stops after approximately one week.

  • Swelling

The amount of swelling experienced is related to the complexity of the surgery. The most amount of swelling is approximately 48 hours after. For most people, the majority of the swelling disappears after 14 days. However, some people experience swelling for up to 3 – 4 weeks.

  • Bruising

Bruising may appear as the swelling decreases. Is more commonly appears on the  neck, face and chest but it uncommon to last more than 10 days.

  • Sensation changes

During orthognathic surgery, nerves are moved and may get injured. The result of  this is a loss of sensation to the lips, cheeks, chin and palate. Loss of sensation is generally temporary and returns after 3 – 6 months. While experiencing impaired sensation, being aware of hot food and drinks, as well as biting your lip, is important.